Joseph Kollros (my ggg-grandfather) and Magdalena Ringwald emigrated in 1844 from Baden, Germany. Their port of arrival is not known and their port of embarkation would probably have been Hamburg or Calais. In the 1840's emigration from the Duchy of Baden was made illegal and many fled political oppression in the German State by obtaining Alsatian visas from the French authorities across the Rhine River. It is therefore most likely that the Kollros family left Europe by way of the Port of Calais. Their destination was a small town in southeastern Indiana named Madison - approximately half along the Ohio River between Cincinnati, Ohio and Louisville, Kentucky. To get from the eastern seaboard to the town of Madison, Indiana on the Ohio River the Kollros family would have traveled possibly by rail from Baltimore to Cumberland. At Cumberland they would have traveled by wagon or stage along the National Pike through southwestern Pennsylvania to Wheeling, Virginia (now in West Virginia). From Wheeling they may have traveled by steamboat down the Ohio River to Madison or continued on the National Pike to Dayton, Ohio. From Dayton they would have traveled down the Miami-Ohio canal to Cincinnati and then by riverboat to Madison. The National Pike was a road created by an Act of Congress in 1806 that called for a road connecting the Atlantic coast to the Ohio River. The National Pike runs from Baltimore, through western Maryland, across the southwest corner of Pennsylvania and into West Virginia. In western Maryland and Pennsylvania, the road roughly followed Braddock's Road. In eastern Ohio, it followed Zane's Trace. Today the US Highway 40 roughly follows the remains of the National Pike.
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