Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume

M, #280, (1807 - 1860)
Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume|b. 22 Jun 1807\nd. Nov 1860|p280.htm|Luc François Jeanin-Gaume|b. 26 Mar 1774\nd. 3 Mar 1860|p1022.htm|Marie Therese Pequignot|b. 23 Sep 1782|p1023.htm|Jean C. Jeannin-Gaume|b. 7 Jul 1745\nd. 14 Jul 1813|p1036.htm|Marie A. Nedey|b. Jan 1744\nd. 16 Nov 1806|p1033.htm|Francois J. Pequignot|b. est 1750||Anne M. Grosard|b. est 1750||

Relationship=Great-grandfather of Leopold Joseph DeBacker.
Last Edited=17 Jan 2009
Jean Baptiste Xavier Francois Gaume c. 1860


Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume was born on June 22, 1807 in Montécheroux, Doubs, Franche-Comté, France.1 He was the son of Luc François Jeanin-Gaume and Marie Therese Pequignot. He married Marie Elise Faiver, daughter of Joseph Faivre and Marie Angélique Voisard, on August 17, 1834 in Louisville, Stark County, Ohio. He died in November, 1860 in Louisville at age 53.2

Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume was also known as Francis Gaume.
From the birth Record Of Jean Baptiste Franois Xavier Jeanin-Gom (translated from French): "In the year 1807 on the 22nd of June, at noon, before us, Pierre Nicolat Miquillet, associate mayor of the commune of Montecheroux, Canton of St. Hippolyte, Department of Doubs, there appeared Luc Franois Jeanin-Gom, thirty four years of age, roofer, residing in Montecheroux, which has presented to us a child of the male sex, that was born today at three o'clock in the morning to the declarant and Marie Therese Pequignot his wife, to which he states that he wants to give the first name Jean Baptiste Franois Xavier. These statements and the presentation were made in the presence of Pierre Franois Jeannin-Gom, roofer, age twenty eight years, who resides in Maubois (Mambouhans), Department of Doubs, and of Pierre Christophe Schom, laborer, age twenty eight years, who resides in Montecheroux, and we had the father and witnesses sign with us the presentation of birth after a reading of it was made to them."

From France to Ohio.

He was a Blacksmith in Montécheroux about 1830. He emigrated in 1833 from France.3

Life in Ohio.

Why the GAUME family and other collateral families left northeastern France to settle in northeastern Ohio is not entirely clear. The economic and political climate in the post-Napoleonic France of the 1830's has been described as humdrum. Following the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 the Bourbon monarchy was restored and Charles X became king in 1824. He attempted to restore the throne to its former level of absolutism but was overthrown in the July Revolution of 1830. The revolutionists placed Louis-Phillipe of the Orlean branch of the Bourbons on the throne. Many Bonapartists and Republicans who longed for the glory days of the Napoleonic empire were not happy with this arrangement, but as France was at peace and prosperous during this time it was accepted. The poorer classes of France became dissatisfied because only the wealthy could vote or hold public office. This situation did not however boil over to an open revolt until nearly twenty years had gone by when the whole of western Europe became embroiled in the Revolt of 1848. It appears that most of the GAUME family who came to Ohio and settled in Stark county left France in the late 1830's. A big factor in drawing these people away from Europe and into Ohio was the building of the canals that opened up access from the east to the Ohio valley. Land was cheap then and the idea that a poor peasant from France could for the first time actually own property had an emmense appeal to it. Francis Gaume (Sr.), my ggg-grandfather, emmigrated alone at the age of 25 in 1833 landed at New York on 25 April 1833 . His occupation is listed as blacksmith. It can be safely assumed that the route he followed from New York to Ohio is the same as described in the following: "...sailed for America from Havre, France, which necessitated a long stage ride from their home in Bouron. The ocean voyage covered a period of forty days, after which they landed at New York and then began another long and tedious journey by canal to Massillon [Stark Co.] , Ohio. Their stay at Massillon was short. ..... bought a tract of woodland south of Louisville [Ohio], several acres having been cleared and a small log cabin stood thereon. There were few settlers around here at that time and it was with difficulty that they found their way through the dense woods." Source: Death Of Mrs. Frances Lallement, "Louisville Herald", March 24, 1910. He was a Farmer in Louisville from 1835 to 1860.4
After arriving in Ohio, Francis Gaume became a farmer. The Gaume farm was located south of the village of Louisville near where Miday Rd. splits from the present Route 44. Later after Francis Gaume died the farm became the property of his wife. In 1875 the farm and the land around it in the south part of Nimishillen township was described as follows: "80 acres just south of the Miday Road- Rte. 44 split was owned by a Mrs. Gaum. 74 acres immediately south of that was owned by P. Rebellot (sic). Mrs. Gaum's land was abutted to the north by land owned by L. Chevraux; to the east by land owned by C. Saunier. The 157-1/2 acres to the west is not identified by owner. The land immediately to the west of P. Rebellot is listed as belonging to V. Balm; to the east, C. Saunier; to the south was the settlement of Belfour (sic). P. Scholley owned 81 acres of land just east of Louisville at that time, as well as 120 acres in the southeast corner of Nimishillen Township." (Source: The 1875 Combination Atlas Map of Stark County, L. H. Everts Publishers.) The obiturary of Louis Gaume, youngest son of Francis & Elise Gaume, gave a brief history of the ownership of the farm: "Mr. [Louis] Gaume was born and grew to manhood on what was known as the Gaume farm, south of Louisville, later known as the Rebillot farm, now occupied by Joseph L. Cholley and family. "

The region that these families settled in is in the northeastern section of Ohio. The county of Stark, Ohio is aproximately 50 miles south of Cleveland and 50 miles west of the Pennsylvania state line. In the early days, this area was entirely agriculture with the prime focus being hogs and corn. During the Civil War and in the years following the economy shifted towards manufacturing. In the later part of the 2Oth century the largest employeers in this area were the steel companies. The county of Stark is divided into 17 township; of which Nimishillen township, wherein the town of Louisville is situated, has been my primary focus. The township of Nimishillen was formed in 1809 and is named for a stream that runs through the area. The stream was named by the Native Americans of the area who saw the large amounts of black alder, or winterberry, that grew along its banks, and called it Missilla. That coupled with the prefix ni meaning stream or water, gave the township its name. The village of Louisville was first laid out in 1833 and is named for the son (Lewis) of one the founders of the town and was first called "Lewisville". The name was changed to "Louisville" after the founders realized that there was already another LEWISVILLE in Ohio. Other cities and towns that surround Louisville are Canton (SW), Alliance (NE) and Massillon (west of Canton). Massilon was an important city in the early, pre-railroad days of this region. When the Ohio-Erie Canal opened in 1828, Massillon became known as the "Port of Massillon," with wheat being its principal export. Immense wagons of grain crowded the streets as farmers brought in their crops to be loaded on the canal barges or stored for later marketing. Variations of the spelling of Gaume that I have come across: Gaume, Gaum, Goam, Gum.


1840Osnaburg, Stark County, OhioJean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume appeared on the census of 1840 in Osnaburg, Stark County, Ohio.5
1850Nimishillen Township, Stark County, OhioHe and Elise Gaume appeared on the census of 1850 in Nimishillen Township, Stark County, Ohio, - listed in the same household: Francis Gaume, Mary Elisabeth Gaume, Mary Ann Gaume, Jane Gaume, Joseph Gaume, Mary Frances Gaume, Pauline Gaume, Josephine Gaume and Mary Euphasina Gaume.6
1860Nimishillen Township, Stark County, OhioHe and Elise Gaume appeared on the census of 1860 in Nimishillen Township, Stark County, Ohio, - listed in the same household: Francis Gaume, Louis Gaume, Mary Elisabeth Gaume, Mary Ann Gaume, Jane Gaume, Joseph Gaume, Mary Frances Gaume, Pauline Gaume, Josephine Gaume and Mary Euphasina Gaume.4
Family Background
My French Connection
My Ancestors
Gaume Line
Descendants of Claude Etienne Gaume
Descendants of Perrin Lachat
Gaume Timeline

Children of Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume and Marie Elise Faiver


  1. [S13] Montcheroux (Doubs). Officier de l'tat civil, Registres de l'tat civil, 1791-1883 (Salt Lake City : Films par la Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989) , FHL INTL Film 1599941.
  2. [S234] Francis Gaume will (25 Feb 1859), Last Will & Testament Of Francis Gaume file # unknown, Stark County Probate Court, Stark County, Ohio, Will was probated in Nov of 1860 (copy of will on file). Hereinafter cited as Will of Francis Gaume.
  3. [S20] Passenger Ship List, Charles Carroll, Havre, France to New York, 25 April 1833 (National Archives and Records Administration, Film M237, Reel 19) ,.
  4. [S21] 1860 United States Census (Free Schedule), Nimishillen Twnshp, Stark Co., Ohio (NARA) ,.
  5. [S192] 1840 United States Census, Nimishillen Twnshp., Stark Co., Ohio (Washington: National Archives And Records Administration) ,.
  6. [S39] 1850 United States Census (Free Schedule), Nimishillen Twnshp., Stark Co., Ohio (Washington: National Archives And Records Administration) ,.