Last Edited=18 Dec 2009
Origins.The name has been written variously as Prothero, Prothera, Protherah, Prytherech, and Prytherech.5 According to some, Evan Prothero (Evan ap Rhydderch) was a descendant of Cadivor, lord of Blancuck [perhaps they mean Cadivor Fawr Ap Clowyn, Lord Of Blaencuch (fl. 11th C.)?] and later of James Prydderch who lived in the 16th century. One account says that the last family to live at Dolwilym castle in Carmartenshire before it was torn down was that of Evan Prydderch, who requested the name of Prydderch be changed to Protheroe. However according to the Protheroe-Beynon manuscripts this is an entirely different individual as the Evan Protheroe of Dolwilym died in Wales without issue in the mid-18th century and that the Evan Protheroe of Radnor township, Pennsylvania died in America in the early 18th C. Therefore they could not be the same person.2,1,6 Some sources state that Evan and family came from the village of Narbeth in the district of Carmarthenshire (in the modern county of Dyfed) in southwestern Wales.7
Quaker Heritage.Evan Protheroe was a Quaker and he, along with others, was persecuted in Wales for his beliefs. In 1670 he was fined £8. 10s for attending Quaker religious meetings. In 1674, he had taken from him by the servants of Evan Harris, tithe farmer, and Nicholas Roberts, Priest, three cart loads of of hay and corn valued at 20 shillings. In 1675, for absence from "national worship" [Church of England] he had taken by distress goods worth £1.15s. In 1678, he had taken from him for tithes corn, hay, lambs, and other goods valued £1.9s.5 In the early 1600's, James I, king of England, granted charters for the purpose of establishing colonies in America. These charters went to companies of merchants and individuals who were called proprietors. The proprietors were responsible for recruiting people to settle in America and, at first, for governing them. By the mid-1700's most of the settlements had been formed into thirteen English colonies. The thirteen colonies stretched along the Atlantic seaboard from what is now Maine in the north to Georgia in the south. In 1681, William Penn of England received a charter from Charles II, grandson of James I, that made him proprietor of Pennsylvania. Penn was a Quaker - a religious group that was persecuted in many countries. At Penn's urging, Quakers and other settlers who sought religious freedom flocked to Pennsylvania. Penn also became proprietor of the Delaware area. My 8th great-grandfather on my mother's side, Evan Protheroe came to America with his wife, Elizabeth nee Morgan, and two sons, John and Lewis, in 1683 and settled in Radnor township in Pennsylvania.7 He and Elizabeth emigrated in 1683 from Wales.
Life In Pennsylvania.In 1690, he was a witness to a deed from John Wood to Howell James for 500 acres of land near the upper end of Newton township, (now) Delaware county, Pennsylvania.8 In the Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania, by Browning, Evan Prothro is listed as one of the early settlers of Haverford and Radnor Townships . In the June - July 1693 Province Council Minutes. , Evan Prothro is listed as one of the several ("some of the most respectable people of the Welsh Tract") who employed Nate Mullenex as a ferryman. Apparently there was some sort of dispute between William Penn and the Welsh Friends beyond the Schuykill River involving a lease to Philip England. Penn was asserting his right to exclusive ferrying across the river, as a source of income for himself.9 The Welsh In Philadelphia, contains a narrative in which Evan Protheroe is recorded as having been one of the principal characters. The account concerned some Welsh farmers of Radnor, PA, and the incident occurred in 1693. Protheroe's name appears first among a list of twelve members of a group who formed a company to operate a ferry across the Schuylkill River, and he appears to have been a spokesman for the group. The ferry was needed to transport farm produce across the river to the markets in Philadelphia which, at the time, was controlled by William Penn. A man of French extraction named Nate Mullinox, probably a corruption of the name Molyneaux, was employed to operate the ferry.Having observed that the venture was a profitable one William Penn brought suit in the courts, claiming one half of the profits accruing from the operation. His contention was that, since the eastern terminus of the ferry was on land under his jurisdiction, he had a right to be cut in for half the profits. Protheroe and his group won the decision, the wording of which made mention that all of the twelve defendants were worthy citizens of the Welsh Settlement.7 He was found on tax list list in 1693 in Radnor Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania.10
Later Life and Death.In 1693, Evan Protheroe's nephew, George Thomas, purchased land in Newton township and being about to leave for Barbadoes he wrote a will in the form of a letter to his uncle, requesting Evan to look after the land and other matters in the event that George did not return and that in that event the land should go to George's cousin Betty Prothera of Philadelphia.11 In October 1696, Evan Prothera of Radnor was granted letters of administration for George Thomas's estate on behalf of the Thomas brothers of Pembrokeshire, Wales. These letters were later revoked and others were granted to Morgan James and his Elizabethe nee Prothera.4 Evan Protherah obtained a patent for 111 acres of land in Radnor in 1701, but appears to have left for Philadelphia shortly after this.8 Another source states that Evan Proderah received patents for land consisting of 122 acres in Radnor Township on September 30, 1701.10 In 1709 a yellow fever epidemic swept through the Welsh settlement killing Evan and Elizabeth.
For more information see article The Prothro Family.
Child of Evan Protheroe and Elizabeth
- Lewis Prothro (b 1683 - 1709)
- [S222] Notes for Evan Prydderch, online http://grumbles.kemisu.com/names/nti05429.html. Hereinafter cited as Notes for Evan Prydderch.
- [S220] Historic Centuries Awaken With Rebirth Of St. Maurice Mansion, Winn Parish Enterprise-Winnfield News-American, Winn Parish, LA., March 29, 1972. Hereinafter cited as St. Maurice Plantation, Winn Parish, LA.. http://searches1.rootsweb.com/usgenweb/archives/la/winn/…
- [S58] William Wade Hinshaw Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, II (Ann Arbor: Edwards Bros., 1938-), page 410. The Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy list the date of Evan's death as 11-20-1709/10 and the date of his widow's death as 11-24-1709/10.
- [S276] W. T. Ashbridge, The Ashbridge Book: Relating To Past And Present Ashbridge Families In America (Toronto: The Copp. Clark Co., Ltd., 1912), pg 155.
- [S276] W. T. Ashbridge, The Ashbridge Book: Relating To Past And Present Ashbridge Families In America (Toronto: The Copp. Clark Co., Ltd., 1912), pg 154.
- [S243] Protheroe-Beynon manuscripts, estate records, Carmarthen, SA31 1DS, Wales, "The Protheroe family resided at Dolwilym, from around the turn of the 17th century when Rhydderch ap John, living in 1600, bought Dolwilym. The estate descended in the male line until Evan Protheroe (1715-1795), who had married Elizabeth, daughter of David Jones, of Penyrallt, died without issue."; Carmarthenshire Archives Service, http://www.archivesnetworkwales.info/cgi-bin/anw/search2. Hereinafter cited as Protheroe-Beynon manuscripts.
- [S18] Shelly Dobbs Dooley, Descendants Of Josiah Dobbs (Descendancy Report with Notes), 1999.
- [S276] W. T. Ashbridge, The Ashbridge Book: Relating To Past And Present Ashbridge Families In America (Toronto: The Copp. Clark Co., Ltd., 1912), pg. 154.
- [S244] Charles H. Browning, Welsh Settlement Of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia: William J.Campbell, 1912), pages 424, 259, 391.
- [S300] Ashmead, Henry Graham; History of Delaware County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia:L. H. Everts & Co.1884.
- [S276] W. T. Ashbridge, The Ashbridge Book: Relating To Past And Present Ashbridge Families In America (Toronto: The Copp. Clark Co., Ltd., 1912), pgs 154-155.